Essay Advocacy Paper Choose a patient-care situation in which the RN should intervene and advocate for the patient. An example of such a situation may be or might be when a patient has not been given complete informed consent.
Include the following in your Essay Advocacy Paper: Describe the clinical situation concisely and descriptively. It can be an actual situation or a hypothetical one.
Also, Apply the Bioethical Decision Making Model download to the specific clinical ethical situation that you choose.
Also, Conclude with a discussion of nursing advocacy in the clinical setting and the nurse’s role as a patient advocate.
Your Essay Advocacy Paper paper should be 4-5 pages.
You must reference and cite 1-2 scholarly sources other than your text. Include a title page and a reference page to cite your text and adhere to APA formatting.
Bioethical Decision-Making Model:
1.Define the dilemma: Use your own words to describe the problem. State it in a way that others can quickly understand your dilemma.
3. Remember that the diagnosis and prognosis are medical facts.
4.Also, Identify the non-medical facts (patient and family, external influences):
A. Patient and family facts such as culture, religion, social, economic, the existence of an Advance Healthcare Directive, verbal preferences made by the patient, how the patient lived their life.
B. Also, Those that you discuss should be relevant to the situation.
5. Also, External influences include organizational policies, federal and state laws, practice acts, code of ethics. These should be relevant to the situation.
6. For step 2 or 3, separate the facts from the assumptions: Sometimes, all healthcare professionals allow beliefs to guide their decision-making. These must be identified so that these assumptions do not interfere with the process.
7. Identify items that need clarification. Your paper should identify facts that you need to clarify. When initially discussing an ethical situation, it is not unusual to not have all the answers.
Is the patient an adult competent to make their own choices? Is the patient a child who is old enough to have a say in the decision? If the patient cannot make their own decision, who is the decision-maker? How was this person selected?
9. Review the underlying ethical principles: Also, Review which ones and why they apply to this particular case: beneficence, nonmaleficence, veracity, fidelity, autonomy, and justice.
10. Define alternatives: One way to proceed may be apparent at this point. However, sometimes there are different choices. They should be addressed identifying the benefits and burdens for doing one thing versus the other.
11. Also, Follow-up: Define the process to be used with the chosen alternative.
Reference Source: Levine-Ariff, J. & Groh, D.H.(1990). Creating an Ethical Environment. Nurse managers’ bookshelf a quarterly series: 2:1. Baltimore, Maryland: Williams & Wilkins.41-‐61.